It is relatively common for infants and children, pregnant or breast-feeding women, elderly, people with poor gastrointestinal absorption or bowel disease like Crohn’s disease, and those eating vegetarian diets to show signs of mild or chronic zinc deficiency.
Certain drugs deplete your body of zinc, such as ACE inhibitors, thiazide diuretics, and acid-reducing drugs like omeprazole and Pepcid.
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A number of factors contribute to the overall problem of zinc deficiency:
- In some areas,years of commercial farming practices such as monocropping (planting large expanses of land with the same crop year after year), have left the soil deficient in natural minerals, like zinc.
- Certain drugs deplete your body of zinc, such as ACE inhibitors, thiazide diuretics, and acid-reducing drugs like Prilosec(omeprazole) and Pepcid(Famotidine).
- Certain diets, such as vegetarian or vegan diets and high-grain diets, are low in bioavailable zinc and high in phytic acids, which further impair zinc absorption. In view of this, when buying ready-to-eat cereals, it is good to look out for those that are fortified with essential minerals and vitamins.
Mild zinc deficiency can lead to frequent colds and flu, chronic fatigue, and poor general health. For children, growth and development are vitally dependent on good nutrition.
White spots on your fingernails can indicate you’re not getting enough zinc.
Inadequate zinc is therefore unaffordable as it can result in mood disturbances, psoriasis,poor memory, loss of hair, impaired learning and poor school performance. Chronic zinc deficiency can also contribute to acne, poor eyesight and affect taste, smell, and memory. White spots on your fingernails (leukonychia) can indicate you’re not getting enough zinc.